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Full text of "Mathura A District Memoir"

130                                 THE A2CGIEHT IMA<3B HOW AT
is now partly occupied by the Delhi road, did certainly How past the katra. This
being joined, at tiie point still called the Sangai% or ' confluence,' by another
considerable watercourse from the opposite direction, fell into the channel now
crossed by the Seth's bridge, and so reached-the Jamtsim.
In anticipation of Aurangzeb's raid, the ancient image of Kesaya Deva
was renxoyed by Bsna Raj Sinh of Mewar, and was set up on the spot where,
as they journeyed, the wheels of the chariot sank in the deep sand and refused
to be extricated.   It happened to Be an obscnre little village, then called Siarh,
on the Banas, 22 miles north-east of Udaypur,   But the old name is now lost
in the celebrity of the temple of Math Ji, i the Lord,' which gives its designation
to the town of Mth-dwara, which has grown np round it.*   This is the most
highly venerated of all the statues of Krishna.   There are seven others of great
repute, "which also deserve mention here, as a large proportion of them came
from the neighbourhood of Mathnra, ms.j'I^ava-nita, which is also at Nath-dwara;
Mathura-natli at Kob ; Bwaraka-nsth at Kan&piaxdi, brought from Kanauj ;
Bal Kisban at Surat, from Maha-ban; Bitthal-nath or Pandn-rang at Kota,
from Banaras; Madan Mohan from Brinda-ban; and Gotnl-nath and Gokul
chandrama, both from Gfokul.   These two last were at Jaypur till a few years
ago, when, in consequence of the Maharaja's dislike to all the votaries of
Yishmi? they were removed to Kim-ban in Blmrat-pnr territory.    In all pro-
bability before very long they will be brought back to their original homes.
At the back of the katra is the modem temple of Kesava Deva, a cloistered
quadrangle of no particular arcbtectnral merit and, except on special occasions,
* It is described, in the lately published report of the Indian Surrey Department9 as **a
large walled city on the right bank of the Baaas river.   On the north-cast and south it is surround-
ed by Mils, bnt to tike west, across the xiTers which here takes a rerj sharp bead. It is fairly
open-   It hu the reputaticm of being an enor-nnoasly wealthy city, which I hare no doubt is
troe, as it is a great place of pilgrimage; every pilgrim giving what he can as an offezing: at the
shilae of Srinith.   Amongst the mote valuable pm«ats giTen to the Brfhmans, are elephants
and cattle? large herf® of the latter grwse m. the Mils to the east of the city, where there is «
regnlai cattle ferna warrocmded by a Mgh will and guarded by sepoys; the cows In milk recelre
s dwly ration of gmln, mil wrta mixed, which is toiled in am immense iron caldron.   About
two ymrt ago the Mateat, or head Gos&in* af Natii-dwlm, became troublesome, Ignoring at!
©rden of ifae Darbfa, siad crtlierwige misconducted himself to »och aa extent that it was found
necewry to tend » fioce against him-   It was supposed that he would resist, bat on. seeing some
$pm* QB&m&ndln^ Ms elty$ lie ga-rs in; b.s wm banished to Hathnri and hit son allowed to take
Ms pkce; bo* at the ftane time 900 iepoyi, wader 4he orders of a Mmdar, appointed by the
Dftifair, were *tetic»ed ihete to ej»ne M® good bAartonr.   EFCH now it Is a place rather to be
aToia«if as the Brtteani tie a TOEJ independent set and apt to be insolent on rery small
pwrocatian.   AH lAing ani rfM»fcii« U itrictly proliihlted witMn. the ground bdoagin^ ta